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Liver & Gallbladder About The Liver
 About The Liver

The Liver


The liver is the second largest (after skin) single organ in the body,weighing 2 kg in the average adult.

As adult humans can be of different size,so can the liver.

It is approximately 21-22.5 cm across its widest point,15-17.5 cm at its greatest vertical height,and 10-12.5 cm from front to back.

The liver is composed of soft,red-brown tissue divided into lobes and enclosed by a tough fibrous capsule,and it lies in the upper abdomen on the right side,beneath and loosely attached to the diaphragm.

Its primary secretion,the bile,is poured into gallbladder and then into the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine) through the common bile duct.

In addition,it has important functions as a “ductless”gland in connection with the metabolism of carbohydrates and nitrogenous waste products.

The liver has an intricate and complex system of blood vessels. It receives its arterial supply from the hepatic artery –25% of the blood supply. There is a much larger supply of blood vessels from the portal vein (75%),which conveys blood from the stomach,intestines,pancreas and spleen to the liver. The hepatic veins,by which the blood of the liver passes into the inferior vena cava,usually pass from the liver through two large and several small openings on the back surface of the organ.

Liver has over 500 functions in human body.Functions of the liver

  • Metabolizing fats,proteins and carbohydrates
  • Metabolizing hormones and internally-produced wastes
  • Breaking down complex chemicals
  • Cleansing and clearing waste products,toxins and drugs
  • Assimilating and storing fat-soluble vitamins
  • Producing bile juice necessary for digestion of fats
  • Filtering harmful substances from the blood (such as alcohol)
  • Producing urea (a primary waste product,flushed from the body in urine)
  • Regulating and secreting substances important to maintaining body function and health
  • Storing important nutrients (such as glycogen glucose),vitamins and minerals (vitamins A, D,K and B12) .
  • Storing energy
  • Prevention of excessive bleeding through clot formation
  • convert glucose to glycogen,
  • make certain amino acids (the building blocks of proteins)
  • maintain a proper level or glucose in the blood.
  • The liver is also responsible for producing cholesterol. It produces about 80% of the cholesterol in your body.

The Major Health Risk

(Gallstones in the liver)

Do you suffer from any symptoms or similar condition below?

If you do,then you most likely have numerous gallstones in your liver and gallbladder.

Alzheimer’s disease
Breathing difficulty
Clay-colored stool
Cold extremities especially in the lower part of the body
Craving for food
Cuts and wounds that keep bleeding and refuse to heal
Dark circles under eyes
Difficulties in sleeping;insomnia
Dream or nightmares
Duodenum ulcer
Excessively greasy hair and hair loss
Excessively heat and perspiration in the upper part of the body
Flatulence (Stomach bloating)
Gastric Acid
Headache and migraines
Heart Diseases
High Blood Pressure
High Cholesterol
Hormonal imbalances
Kidney diseases
Liver cirrhosis
Liver spots
Loss of appetite
Meanstrual and menopausal disorders
Multiple sclerosis and fibromyalgia
Numbness and paralysis of the legs
Oily,dry or dehydrated skin
Overweight (Even uder diet control)
Pain at the top or shpulder blade or between the shoulder blades
Poor eyesight
Short temperedness
Stiff shoulders
Stiffness of necks,joint and muscles
Stomachache or ulcer
Underweight (even with good appetite)
Urinary disorders,prostate problems
Weak immune system
yellowish eyes and skin