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Liver & Gallbladder About The Gallbladder
 About The Gallbladder
The Gallbladder

The gallbladder is a hollow,pear-shaped organ with tough,muscular walls. It is located in the upper right-hand part of the abdomen,just beneath the liver. The gallbladder is about 3 to 4 inches long and 1 inch wide. It is connected to the liver, small intestine,and pancreas by small tubes,or ducts. The function of the gallbladder is to store bile,a thick,brown liquid constantly made by the liver.

  • Bile is a digestive juice that helps the body digest fats.
  • The liver makes about 3 cups of bile each day.
  • Bile flows from the liver,where it is made,into the gallbladder,where it is stored,through the hepatic ducts,which are tubes connecting the liver to the gallbladder.

The gallbladder stores bile until it is needed for digestion. Right after each meal,the gallbladder’s muscular walls contract,squeezing bile out through the common bile duct,which leads to the small intestine. Bile helps digest food that passes from the stomach into the small intestine. It then passes out of the body with undigested food in the stool,or feces. Bile is the material that gives feces its brown color.

When digestion is done,and no more food is in the small intestine,the gallbladder relaxes,collects more bile,and waits for the next meal.